Electric Arc WELDING MACHINE also called a "stick welder or buzz box".

RECIPROCATING SAW, or CHOP SAW with abrasive disk, or oxygen-acetylene TORCH for cutting rebars.

Large VICE or a BAR BENDER for bending rebars.

VICE GRIPS for holding rebars in place when welding. There are many styles and sizes (regular, needle nose, and c-clamps) all are useful.


NEEDLE NOSE PLIERS must open easy and be comfortable to use for extended amounts of time. The pliers are used in tying on chicken wire and hardware cloth.

Masonry TROWELS; a small, 5" trowel is the most useful for wet mixing and the application of concrete, a larger, 6" or 7" is more efficient for dry mixing, and a small, 5" square end trowel is good for turning over the wet mix in the corners of a bucket.

Five or three gallon BUCKETS for mixing the concrete.

One quart and one pint CONTAINERS for mixing the slip and anchor cement. I use a glass kitchen dish to mix the slip and small plastic container for mixing anchor cement.

LEATHER GLOVES for metal handling and welding.

Tight fitting NEOPRENE GLOVES for applying the concrete to the armature.

An Artist PALETTE KNIFE for mixing and applying anchor cement.

A 2" PAINTBRUSH for smoothing the wet concrete and applying the slip.

A clean 1 ½" PAINTBRUSH for applying the sealers and colors.

An electric CONCRETE MIXER is optional but may be useful for dry mixing on large projects.



CHICKEN WIRE is used to wrap the curved areas of the armature. It's sometimes coated in oil that must be cleaned off with deterrents before it can be used.

¼" HARDWARE CLOTH is used for the tips of legs, thin edges, flat areas and where extra "wirework" is needed. ½" hardware cloth can be used for the tops of tables.

Traditional TIE WIRE is pliable but often two thick. I will then use 20 gauge steel WIRE to tie on the chicken wire and hardware cloth.


CONSTRUCTION SAND bought by the shovel full must be sifted through a window screen to remove impurities and pea size gravel. Pure Medium SAND sold in sacks is the best.

Quikrete® ANCHORING CEMENT is used to fill low spots, make repairs, and on the tips of legs and thin edges of tables.

I sometime use Quikrete® CONCRETE FORTIFIER in the slip coats.

Quikrete® CONCRETE SEALER covers the chalky feel of concrete and repels moisture.

Quikrete® CONCRETE COLORS are okay in the base concrete and in the slip coats but the colors are limited to dull earth colors.

POWERED PIGMENTS mix well with the slip coats and come in brighter colors.

Small amounts of artist ACRYLICS add a range of colors to the slip but can disrupt the curing process in large amounts. It is in the sealer that ACRYLICS PAINTS and POWERED PIGMENTS have the most effect.

Old T-shirts make good RAGS for wrapping the concrete in for curing.

Large PLASTIC BAGS such as leaf bags and garment bags are used to retain moisture during curing.

Many PAPER TOWELS are needed to remove excess moisture during the application of concrete.

With an AC welder I use 3/32 of an inch 6011 flux coated WELDING RODS to tack with and 1/8 of an inch rods to weld the armature.

Production SANDPAPER in 50, 80, 100, 150 grits.

See Work in Progress for pictures of my working methods.

Direct Concrete Technique